Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 139-143
Opportunistic Intestinal Protozoan Infections and Immunological Status of HIV/AIDS Patients in Jalingo Local Government, Taraba State
Elkanah Obadiah Sambo, Department of Biological Sciences, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria
Onyeuku Okechukwu Chinwe, Department of Laboratory Services, Taraba State Specialist Hospital, Jalingo, Nigeria
Obiorah Sylvester Chibuzor, Department of Laboratory Services, Federal Medical Centre, Jalingo, Nigeria
Elkanah Deborah Sambo, Department of Biological Sciences, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria
Egeonu Stephen Ugoeze, Department of Laboratory Services, Federal Medical Centre, Jalingo, Nigeria
Received: Jul. 18, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 19, 2020;       Published: Sep. 21, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20200505.12      View  50      Downloads  22
Abstract
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system. Opportunistic intestinal protozoans are among the major contributors to the global intestinal parasite load. This study investigated the danger and complication due to intestinal protozoans’ infection among HIV/AIDS patients in Jalingo metropolis. The study also compared the prevalence of opportunistic intestinal protozoa infection and CD4+ T-Cell count between HIV/AIDS and non HIV patients. The procedure of wet mount technique and faecal concentration methods were employed. The CD4+ count of patients were determined using the Partee Cyflow Counter, which determines the percentage of CD4+ cells of individuals. The prevalence of opportunic intestinal protozoan parasites was higher among female positives, 68 (l9.60%) than the male, 50 (16.50%) with no significant difference (p>0.05). The infection based on age groups revealed that the age group 10-15 years had the highest prevalence of 27 (48.21%) while the age group 41-45 years had the least prevalence of 2 (2.63%). The prevalence of intestinal parasites was highly significant among the study participants with CD4+ count <200 cells/μl. Cryptosporidium spp was significantly associated with HIV positive subjects who had CD4+ count of less than 200 cell/μl. The prevalence of intestinal parasites was highly significant among the study participants with CD4+ count <200 cells/ul. The implications of these findings are discussed and solution proposed to curb opportunistic infections among HIV/AIDS patients.
Keywords
Immunological, Opportunistic, Protozoans, HIV/AIDS, Taraba
To cite this article
Elkanah Obadiah Sambo, Onyeuku Okechukwu Chinwe, Obiorah Sylvester Chibuzor, Elkanah Deborah Sambo, Egeonu Stephen Ugoeze, Opportunistic Intestinal Protozoan Infections and Immunological Status of HIV/AIDS Patients in Jalingo Local Government, Taraba State, American Journal of Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2020, pp. 139-143. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20200505.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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