Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Page: 111-114
The Bacteriological Profile of Otorhinolaryngological Infections
Rachidi Meriem, Laboratory of Microbiology, Arrazi Hospital, Mohammed VI Hospital Center of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Nouri Hassan, Department of Otolaryngology and Cervico-facial Surgery, Mohammed VI CHU, Marrakech, Morocco
Raji Abdelaziz, Department of Otolaryngology and Cervico-facial Surgery, Mohammed VI CHU, Marrakech, Morocco
Soraa Nabila, Laboratory of Microbiology, Arrazi Hospital, Mohammed VI Hospital Center of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Received: Nov. 3, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 27, 2019;       Published: Dec. 6, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20190406.15      View  440      Downloads  131
Abstract
Otorhinolaryngological infections are common pathologies especially in children, their clinical manifestations are varied. Knowledge of the microbial ecology of these infections in the ENT sphere may be important for the choice of probabilistic antibiotic therapy, but also for adapting and adjusting the treatment in therapeutic failure situations and complications. This is a descriptive retrospective study between January 2017 and August 2018. Including all samples taken in the ENT field in patients hospitalized in the ORL service of Med VI University Hospital of Marrakech. Of the 115 samples, bacterial confirmation was found in 87% of cases. The bacteriological profile was dominated by Gram-positive bacteria in 52% of cases. Isolated strains were mainly represented by Streptococcus (28%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (22%). Enterobacteria accounted for 34% of isolates dominated by Klebsiella pneumoniae found in 20.5% of cases. The study of antibiotic susceptibility of isolated strains revealed a penicillin sensitivity of 98% in isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae. A 75% sensitivity to amoxicillin was revealed in Enterococcus and all strains of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to meticillin. In enterobacteria, resistance to C3G was 18%, 38% to fluoroquinolones, 35% to cotrimoxazole and 29% of strains were resistant to Gentamycin. The multi-resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were found in 8% of cases.
Keywords
ENT, Adult, Bacterial Infection
To cite this article
Rachidi Meriem, Nouri Hassan, Raji Abdelaziz, Soraa Nabila, The Bacteriological Profile of Otorhinolaryngological Infections, American Journal of Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 111-114. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20190406.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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