Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2019, Page: 74-78
Hepatitis B Screening and Evaluation of Hepatitis B Vaccination Status Among Medical Staff at Med VI University Hospital of Marrakech (CHU)
Amaddah Radia, Department of Microbiology, Mohamed VI University Hospital Center of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Hamraoui Amina, Department of Microbiology, Mohamed VI University Hospital Center of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Bahri Raihan, Department of Microbiology, Mohamed VI University Hospital Center of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Saffour Hajar, Department of Microbiology, Mohamed VI University Hospital Center of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Soraa Nabila, Department of Microbiology, Mohamed VI University Hospital Center of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
Received: May 20, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 9, 2019;       Published: Jul. 30, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20190404.12      View  124      Downloads  16
Abstract
The study’s aim is to evaluate the vaccination status against viral hepatitis B and the prevalence of HBs antigen in the medical staff of the University Hospital of Marrakech. This cross-sectional survey was conducted at the level of the various hospital services with the medical staff of Med VI University Hospital of Marrakech. A systematic search for the antigen /antibody pair level (Ag HBs/Ac antiHBs) and anti-nucleocapsid antibodies (Ac antiHBc) was performed in every person who participated in this study. A total of 172 doctors participated in the screening; the participation rate was 74%. 93% of the screened physicians were unaware of their serologic status with respect to the hepatitis B virus and 36% were not vaccinated against hepatitis B. The prevalence of HBsAg was 1.7% in our context with only one identified case of cure. As for the risk factors studied. In properly vaccinated doctors, 77% were immunized (≥100 IU / l) and this immunization rate was 8% in people who received 2 doses of vaccine. Health personnel constitute a population at risk for both infection and transmission of the Hepatitis B virus. Hence, raising staff awareness and introducing compulsory HBV vaccination for all health professionals is important.
Keywords
Health Staff, HBsAg, Mohamed VI University Hospital Center of Marrakech, Vaccination Status
To cite this article
Amaddah Radia, Hamraoui Amina, Bahri Raihan, Saffour Hajar, Soraa Nabila, Hepatitis B Screening and Evaluation of Hepatitis B Vaccination Status Among Medical Staff at Med VI University Hospital of Marrakech (CHU), American Journal of Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 74-78. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20190404.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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