Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2018, Page: 40-43
PMTCT Interventions and Outcome of Babies Born to HIV Positive Mothers: A Retrospective Study at a Secondary Health-Care Facility in Warri, Delta State, Nigeria
Victor Omote, Department of Laboratory Services, Central Hospital, Warri, Nigeria
Henry Ukwamedua, Department of Laboratory Services, Central Hospital, Warri, Nigeria
Johnson Etaghene, Department of Laboratory Services, Ministry of Health Delta State, Asaba, Nigeria
Matthew Ejike Oseji, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Imaria Celia Agwai, Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Harrison Agbroko, Department of Laboratory Services, Nigerian National Petroleum Cooperation Medical Centre, Warri, Nigeria
Received: Aug. 10, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 26, 2018;       Published: Nov. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20180305.11      View  19      Downloads  9
Abstract
Mother to child transmission (MTCT) of the AIDS virus remains a persistent means for HIV acquisition and accounts for most cases of paediatric HIV infection. Maternal viral load, antiretroviral therapy for mother and infants, infant feeding pattern and mode of delivery have been implicated as factors that affects MTCT rates. The study evaluated the efficacy of the various PMTCT interventions in relation to HIV status of the babies. Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) register of exposed infants seeking care from January 2015-December 2016 was retrieved and reviewed. Data on mother’s antiretroviral therapy (ART) status, infants ART status, sex, feeding pattern and HIV status were extracted, recorded an analyzed using SPSS 23 and results expressed in simple frequency and percentage. Statistical association was assayed for using Chi-square and Fisher’s exact test. A total of 249 mother and infant pairs took part in the study. Approximately (50.2%) of the infants were females and virtually all (95.6%) of the participating mothers were on ART. Likewise, almost all (94.0%) of the infants were placed on ART while majority of them (71%) were exclusively breastfed. An incidence rate of 4.4% (11/249) for MTCT of the AIDS virus was recorded while variables such as maternal ART status, infant ART status and infant feeding pattern showed strong association with MTCT. Findings from this study revealed a reduced prevalence for the study region when compared to other regions and a hope for the complete eradication of MTCT of HIV when PMTCT interventions and strategies are properly implemented and utilized.
Keywords
Prevalence, Mother-to-Child-Transmission, PMTCT Interventions HIV, Infants, Warri, Delta State
To cite this article
Victor Omote, Henry Ukwamedua, Johnson Etaghene, Matthew Ejike Oseji, Imaria Celia Agwai, Harrison Agbroko, PMTCT Interventions and Outcome of Babies Born to HIV Positive Mothers: A Retrospective Study at a Secondary Health-Care Facility in Warri, Delta State, Nigeria, American Journal of Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2018, pp. 40-43. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20180305.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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