Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2018, Page: 34-39
Epidemiology of Giardiosis: Experience of the service of Parasitology Mycology the Military Hospital Avicenne: Review of 7 Years
Mouayche Ikhlas, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Military Hospital Avicenne Marrakech, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Marrakech, Morocco
El Mezouari El Mostafa, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Military Hospital Avicenne Marrakech, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Marrakech, Morocco
Moutaj Redouane, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Military Hospital Avicenne Marrakech, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Marrakech, Morocco
Received: May 30, 2018;       Accepted: Aug. 13, 2018;       Published: Sep. 7, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20180304.11      View  308      Downloads  22
Abstract
The purpose of our work is to determine the epidemiological profile of giardiosis in the population of Marrakech and to propose the appropriate means to fight against this intestinal parasitosis. This is a descriptive analytical and retrospective study on the results of parasitological examinations of stool (EPS) performed within the Department of Parasitology Mycology at the Military Hospital Avicenna (HMA) of Marrakech over a period 7 years from January 2011 to December 2017.10615 parasitological examinations of stool (EPS) were performed in 6784 patients, 2651 of which were positive, ie a single parasite index of 25%. Our study also included 669 EPS in children, 157 of which were positive. A parasite index of 23.4%. Each patient received at least one PSE by including a direct examination associated with a concentration. Among the parasites encountered, Giardia intestinalis represents 6% of isolated parasites. This flagellate was observed in 32% of infested children. Two out of three children with giardiosis are aged between 11 and 15 years, this could have adverse consequences on their growth. Our results and those of the literature show that Giardiosis remains a more common parasitic disease in children than in adults. Giardiosis remains a frequent parasitosis in our country. It deserves to be better known, especially since it can induce serious manifestations. A policy of general and individual prophylaxis and an improvement of the social level in our country, will certainly lead to a considerable reduction of the prevalence of this parasitosis.
Keywords
Giardia, Child, Hygiene, Malabsorption
To cite this article
Mouayche Ikhlas, El Mezouari El Mostafa, Moutaj Redouane, Epidemiology of Giardiosis: Experience of the service of Parasitology Mycology the Military Hospital Avicenne: Review of 7 Years, American Journal of Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2018, pp. 34-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20180304.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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