Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2018, Page: 30-33
Study of the Blood Count in Hospitalized Patients in the Dermatology Department of the CNAM
Karabinta Yamoussa, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali; Department of Skin Disease, Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Bamako, Mali
Gassama Mamadou, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali; Department of Skin Disease, Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Bamako, Mali
Tall Kouressi, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali
Cisse Lamissa, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali
Gnossike Piham, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali
Sanogo Hawa, Biological Laboratory of the National Institute for Public Health Research, Ministry of Health, Bamako, Mali
Dicko Adama, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali; Department of Skin Disease, Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Bamako, Mali
Sylla Ousmane, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali
Kodio Mamadou, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali
Bougoudogo Flabou, Biological Laboratory of the National Institute for Public Health Research, Ministry of Health, Bamako, Mali
Faye Ousmane, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali; Department of Skin Disease, Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Bamako, Mali
Keita Somita, National Support Center for Disease Control (CNAM), Faculty of Medecine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali; Department of Skin Disease, Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Bamako, Mali
Diallo Dapa, Department of Skin Disease, Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Bamako, Mali; 3Department of Hematology-Oncology at CHU Point G, Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, University of the Sciences, Technics and Technology, Bamako, Mali
Received: Jul. 3, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 16, 2018;       Published: Aug. 15, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20180303.11      View  396      Downloads  30
Abstract
The blood count is the biological examination that aims to identify, count and observe the figured elements of the blood. In dermatology, the hemogram is an index of the evolution of the dermatosis and the general state of the patient. The blood count is the refore an examination that is of diagnostic and prognostic value in the management of dermatological conditions. Our objective was to determine the place of the blood count in the management of dermatosis in hospitalized patients of the CNAM. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of all cases of hemogram performed in all hospitalized patients in the dermatology department of the CNAM during the period from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017, ie 3 years. The inclusion criteria were as follows: all inpatient records containing the hemogram results regardless of age and sex during the study period. Out Of the 133 cases included, 112 had abnormal blood counts, 84.2% of cases. Females accounted for 51.9% (69) and males 48.1% (64). The age of the patients ranged from 2 years to 90 years with an average age of 54.34 years. Among the hematological disorders observed: Anemia accounted for 86.6% of cases. It was hypochromic and microcytic in 80.4% of cases, normochromic and normocytic in 16.5% of cases and macrocytic normochromic in 3.1% of cases. This anemia was associated with chronic ulceration in almost 100% of cases, autoimmune bullous dermatosis (Pemphigus and Bullous Pemphigoid) in 72.7% of cases, erysipelas in 81.8% of cases, severe toxidermias in 75% of cases. erythroderma in 60.4% of cases, cutaneous carcinoma in 87.2% of cases. Leukocytosis accounted for 59.8% of cases. This leukocytosis was predominantly neutrophilic in 44.6% of cases, eosinophilic in 16.5% and lymphocytosis was observed in 14.6% of cases. This leukocytosis was associated with chronic ulceration in almost 44.2% of cases, with autoimmune bullous dermatoses (Pemphigus and Pemphigoid bullosa) in 81.6% of cases, with erysipelas in 63.6% of cases, with severe toxidermias in 74.5% of cases, with erythroderma in 60.2% of cases, cutaneous carcinomas in 66.3% of cases. the blood count remains the essential biological examination for the management and monitoring of severe dermatosis requiring hospitalization and our study could be a preliminary to other studies to elucidate its impact on the evolution of the dermatological disease.
Keywords
Study of the Blood Count, Hospitalized Patients, Department of Dermatology, CNAM
To cite this article
Karabinta Yamoussa, Gassama Mamadou, Tall Kouressi, Cisse Lamissa, Gnossike Piham, Sanogo Hawa, Dicko Adama, Sylla Ousmane, Kodio Mamadou, Bougoudogo Flabou, Faye Ousmane, Keita Somita, Diallo Dapa, Study of the Blood Count in Hospitalized Patients in the Dermatology Department of the CNAM, American Journal of Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2018, pp. 30-33. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20180303.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
A BISSEY A., MIGNONSIN D., VILASCO B., BONDURAND A., Contribution of the hemogram in the classification of anemias. Afr Black Med., 38 (11): 769-772, 1991.
[2]
BERNARD J., LEVY J. P., VARET B., CLAUREL J. P., RAIN J. D. SULTANT Y.,. Hematology Abstracts, 9th edition; Paris: Manson. 1998.
[3]
SWAANENBURG JCJM, RUTTEN WPF, ACJM HOLDRINET, VANSTRIK R. The determination of references for hematologic parameters using results obtained from patient populations. Am J Clin Pathol., 88: 182-91, 1987.
[4]
French Society of Hematology, College of French Hematologists. Diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and surveillance of polycythemia. Consensus Conference, June 21, 1993. Paris: ANDEM, 1993.
[5]
. Traoré A and col. Infectious dermatoses of the child in a dermatology department in a tropical environment (Burkina Faso). Burkina Medical Journal., 12 n02: 40-43, 1998.
[6]
Y Fofana, A Dicko, 2, K Tall, et al. The reasons for hospitalization in children under 16 in Bamako. Journal of the Society of Clinical Biology of Benin., No. 027; 74-77, 2017.
[7]
MAHE A., KEITA S., Faye O. et al. Handbook for the management of common skin diseases in Mali., p25, 2004.
[8]
DALLMAN PR, YIP R, JONHSON C. Prevalence and causes of anemia in the United States, 1976 to 1980. Am J Clin Nutr., 39: 437-45, 1984.
[9]
PIERARD g. E., E. CAUMES, FRANCIMONT C., ESTRADA J. A. Tropical Dermatology, Brussels, Editions of the University of Brussels., p 605, 1993.
[10]
SANOU DM, KINDE-GAZARD D, VIGAN J, ADE G, SAHONOU JJ, ATADOKPEDE F and al. Clinical and immunological profite of HIV infected patients in Cotonou, Benin Med Mal Infect., 34: 225-28, 2004.
Browse journals by subject